Kamis, 30 September 2010
Leonardo ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 - May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and author . Leonardo is often described as the archetype of the Renaissance, a man who unquenchable curiosity that can only be equaled his power of invention. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person who ever lived. According to art historian Helen Gardner, the scope and depth of its importance is without precedent and "his mind and personality seem superhuman to us, human beings themselves are mysterious and remote". Marco Rosci show, however, that although there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world basically it is logical, not mysterious, and that the empirical method he employs unusual for his time. Born illegitimate son of a notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, at Vinci in Florence, Leonardo was educated in the studio of renowned Florentine painter, Verrocchio. Most of the work before his life was spent in the service of Ludovico il Moro in Milan. He later worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice and spent his last years in France, in a house given to him by Francis I.
Leonardo and known primarily as a painter. Two of his works, the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper, the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time, respectively, their fame approached only by Michelangelos' Creation of Adam. Leonardo's drawing of the Vitruvian Man is also considered a cultural icon, which is reproduced in everything from euros to text books to t-shirts. Perhaps fifteen paintings survive, a small amount because it constantly, and often catastrophic, experiment with new techniques, and putting off his chronic. However, some of this work, together with notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, consists of contributions to the next generation of contemporary artists is only rivaled by